Papyrus 104, P104

`Abd ar-Rahman Robert Squires & M S M Saifullah

© Islamic Awareness, All Rights Reserved.

First Composed: 5 April 2000

Last Updated: 5 April 2000


Name

Papyrus 104 (P.Oxy. 4404), P104

Date

2nd century CE.

Provenance

Oxyrhynchus, Egypt.

Size

About 7 cm. x 5.2 cm. Click here for the image.

This fragment is a part of leaf from a codex.

Contents

Recto, Matthew 21:34-37. Verso, Matthew 21:45?.

This papyri ranks among the earliest surviving texts of Matthew (see also P77, POxy. 2683 + 4405)

Although on verso, only indecisive traces survive. The readings for verso suggested by the author of this papyrus are exceedingly tentative and this must be borne in mind when this papyrus is used for the purposes of textual criticism.

Textual Character

It concurs with UBS4/NA27 completely, with the exception that it does not include Matthew 21:44 ( B C L W Z also omit this verse). This makes it the earliest witness to the spurious nature of this interpolation.

Writing

The hand is 'early', i.e., before c. 250. It is very carefully written, with extensive use of serifs. Rough breathing is used in three instances.

Location

Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, United Kingdom.


References

[1] E. W. Handley et al., The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, LXIV, 1997, 7 ff. (No. 4404).

The New Testament Manuscripts