Papyrus 23, P23

‘Abd ar-Rahman Robert Squires & M S M Saifullah

© Islamic Awareness, All Rights Reserved.

First Composed: 8 April 2000

Last Updated: 9 November 2007


Name

Papyrus 23 (G.P. 1229), P23

Date

Grenfell et al. have suggested the date to be the fourth century CE. The Alands have redated it to the third century. However, some scholars have pointed out to the 2nd century style of writing. It is dated late second or early third century.

Provenance

Oxyrhynchus, Egypt.

Size

About 12.1 cm. x 11.2 cm.

It contain fragment of a leaf from a papyrus codex. The image of the manuscript can be seen here.

Contents

It contain James 1:10-12 (verso) and James 1:15-18 (recto).

Textual Character

In general, P23 agrees with , B and C, which represent the best text of the General Epistles. The Alands call the text as "strict."

Writing

The fragment is written in good-sized broad uncials rather coarse and irregular in formation, though hooks and thickenings at the end of the strokes show an attempt at ornament.

Location

The Spurlock Museum, University of Illinois, Urbana.


References

[1] B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, X, 1914, 16 ff. (No. 1229).

[2] P. W. Comfort & David P. Barrett, The Complete Text Of The Earliest New Testament Manuscripts, 1999, Baker Books, Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States of America, p. 101.

The New Testament Manuscripts