Papyrus 69, P69

`Abd ar-Rahman Robert Squires & M S M Saifullah

© Islamic Awareness, All Rights Reserved.

First Composed: 25 April 2000

Last Updated: 25 April 2000


Papyrus 69 (P.Oxy. 2383), P69


3rd Century CE.


Oxyrhynchus, Egypt.


About 5 cm. x 8.5 cm.

This fragment comes from a papyrus codex.


Verso, Luke 22:58-61. Recto, Luke 22:41 and 45-48, 42-44 being omitted. On the recto the ink is almost effaced and the text is readable only with difficulty.

Textual Character

It represents a rather "idiosyncratic" text. Luke 22:42-44 being absent (along with the first phrase of v. 45). It is attributed to the accidental omission by the scribe. It has some unique readings as well as those which are well known (see Peter M. Head's article).

According to the Alands, P69 displays a very free text, characteristic of precursors of the D-text. According to the editors of P.Oxy 2383, P69 contains three examples of characteristic D readings. But these are counterbalanced by eight disagreements with D.


The handwriting consists of rough rounded capitals of moderate size. No punctuation is used by the scribe.


Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, United Kingdom.


[1] E. Lobel, C. H. Roberts, E. G. Turner & J. W. B. Barns, The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, XXIV, 1957, 1 ff. (No. 2383).

[2] P. M. Head, "Observations on Early Papyri of the Synoptic Gospels, especially on the 'Scribal Habits'", Biblica, 1990, Volume 71, pp. 240-247.

The New Testament Manuscripts