The Copper Plaque Inscriptions At The Dome Of The Rock In Jerusalem, 72 AH / 692 CE
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First Composed: 12th November 2005
Last Modified: 12th November 2005
Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:
The Arabic inscriptions in copper plaques at the eastern entrance and northern portal of the Dome of the Rock are not as well-known as the ones inscribed inside the Dome of the Rock. Here, we present these inscriptions and their translation.
INSCRIPTIONS AT THE EASTERN ENTRANCE
INSCRIPTIONS AT THE NORTHERN PORTAL
72 AH / 692 CE.
The copper plaque inscription at the eastern entrance, as shown above, have some parts missing on the left hand side (Figure a). Apparently, they were not reproduced by Max van Berchem. The inscription in Figure b shows the continuation of lines 8 and 9 from Figure a. The Dome of the Rock was built by Umayyad caliph ʿAbd al-Malik but the later Caliph al-Ma'mun inserted his name as is evident from the last two lines (i.e., 8 and 9) of the inscription. The last two lines were inserted later and due to their lengthy text, they had to be squeezed in; thereby making the letters closely packed and smaller in size.
As for the inscriptions on the northern portal, no images appeared to have been taken; van Berchem mentions only the text.
These inscriptions have five Qur'anic verses quoted partially.
The Arabic Islamic Inscriptions On The Dome Of The Rock In Jerusalem, 72 AH / 692 CE.
Forgotten Witness: Evidence For The Early Codification Of The Qur'an, Estelle Whelan, Journal Of The American Oriental Society, 1998, Volume 118, No. 1, pp. 1-14.
 M. van Berchem, Matériaux Pour Un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum, 1920, Tome 2 / 3, Mémoires publiés par les membres de l'Institut Français d'archéologie orientale du Caire, Imprimerie de l'Institut français d'archéologie orientale: Le Caire, Plate XI; The inscription was also reproduced by Adolf Grohmann in Arabische Paläographie II: Das Schriftwesen. Die Lapidarschrift, 1971, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften Philosophisch - Historische Klasse: Denkschriften 94/2. Hermann Böhlaus Nachf.: Wein, Plate XII.
 M. van Berchem, Matériaux Pour Un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum, 1927, Tome 2 / 2, Mémoires publiés par les membres de l'Institut Français d'archéologie orientale du Caire, Imprimerie de l'Institut français d'archéologie orientale: Le Caire, No. 216 and No. 217, pp. 246-255.
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The Islamic Inscriptions | The Dome Of The Rock