Arabic Graffito On The Darb Zubayda Caravan Route, 52 AH / 672 CE
© Islamic Awareness, All Rights Reserved.
First Composed: 22nd November 2005
Last Modified: 15th April 2013
Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:
Figure: (a) Inscription, (b) copy of the original and (c) its content.
52 AH / 672 CE.
The translation of the inscription is:
- O Allah grant pardon to Hadyah
- bin ʿAlī bin Hinaydah, and
- written in the year fifty two.
This inscription was found on the Darb Zubayda caravan route at al-Khashna during an archaeological survey in 1970s. The inscription was redated from 56 AH to 52 AH.
Al-Khasna, Darb Zubayda, Saudi Arabia.
 A. H. Sharafaddin, "Some Islamic Inscriptions Discovered On The Darb Zubayda", Atlal (The Journal Of Saudi Arabian Archaeology), 1977, Volume 1, pp. 69-70, Plate 50.
 B. Gruendler, The Development Of The Arabic Scripts: From The Nabatean Era To The First Islamic Century According To The Dated Texts, 1993, Harvard Semitic Series No. 43, Scholars Press: Atlanta (GA), p. 154.
 ʿA. I. Ghabban (Trans. & Remarks by R. G. Hoyland), "The Inscription Of Zuhayr, The Oldest Islamic Inscription (24 AH/AD 644–645), The Rise Of The Arabic Script And The Nature Of The Early Islamic State", Arabian Archaeology And Epigraphy, 2008, Volume 19, p. 217, footnote 16.
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