A Rock Inscription From Makkah Containing Poetry, 98 AH / 716-717 CE
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First Composed: 27th July 2015
Last Modified: 11th September 2015
Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:
Figure: (a) Photo of the inscription, (b) facsimile and (c) transcription.
98 AH / 716-717 CE.
The translation of the inscription is:
- The new has emaciated the turning of the Sun;
- and its rising from whence it did not set;
- And its rising pure white; And its setting
- yellow like turmeric.
- And written by Abu Jʿafar b. Ḥasan al-Hashimī
- in the year eight
- and ninety.
Ibn Qutayba attributes the poem to Tubbaʿ, the king of Yemen. Al-Thenyian gives a description and analysis of this inscription with minor corrections to the transcripted text. Commenting on the above inscription, Hoyland says that this gives "a little push to the idea that the mass of material that we have ostensibly going back to pre-Islamic times, in particular a vast wealth of poetry, does genuinely belong to that period".
Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
 Saʿd b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz al-Rāshid, Kitābāt Islāmiyya Min Makkah al-Mukarramah, 1995, Riyaḍ (Saudi Arabia), pp. 60-66.
 Muḥammad b.ʿAbd al-Raḥmān Rāshad al-Thenyian, Nuqūsh Al-Qarn Al-Hijrī Al-Awwal Al-Muʾrakhat Fī Al-Mamlakah Al-ʿArabiyyah Al-Saudia, 2015, Riyaḍ, pp. 91-92, Plate 13(b).
 R. Hoyland, "Epigraphy And The Linguistic Background To The Qur'an" in G. S. Reynolds (Ed.), The Qur'an In Its Historical Context, 2008, Routledge: London & New York, p. 65.
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