Arabic Graffito From Muthallath (Near Yanbu’), 23 AH / 643-4 CE

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First Composed: 27th November 2007

Last Modified: 15th April 2013

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:

(a)

(b)

Figure: (a) Photo of the inscription. (b) Outline of the inscription.

Date

23 AH / 643-4 CE.

Register Number

MThLTh-009.

Script

Kufic.

Contents

The translation of the inscription is:

  1. Salmah wrote
  2. in three and twenty (i.e., 23)

Comments

This inscription written in an old kufic script is interesting as it leaves out tantalizing detail of what it indicates. Kawatoko apparently considers the number "23" to mean 23 AH.[1] Hoyland, on the other hand, mentions the inscription without commenting on the number "23" or its date.[2] Imbert, like Kawatoko, considers the number "23" to mean 23 AH.[3]

Location

Muthallath, near Yanbu’, Saudi Arabia.

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References

[1] M. Kawatoko, "Archaeological Survey Of Najran And Madinah 2002", Atlal: Journal Of Saudi Arabian Archaeology, 2005, Volume 18, p. 51 and p. 52, Plate 8.13(A).

[2] R. Hoyland, "New Documentary Texts And The Early Islamic State", Bulletin Of The School Of Oriental And African Studies, 2006, Volume 69, No. 3, p. 411, footnote 76.

[3] F. Imbert, "L’Islam Des Pierres : L’Expression De La Foi Dans Les Graffiti Arabes Des Premiers Siècles", Revue Des Mondes Musulmans Et De La Méditerranée, 2011, Volume 129, pp. 55-77.

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