Three Arabic Inscriptions From Nahal ʿAmram (ʿAqabah), First Century Hijra

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First Composed: 30th January 2007

Last Modified: 3rd February 2007

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:




Figure: Original inscriptions and their contents.


1st century hijra.

Size & Script

(a) 80 cm x 13 cm. Good angular early Umayyad script, incised by an expert hand. No points and no vowels.

(b) 102 cm x 35 cm. Script is same as the above.

(c) 60 cm x 23 cm. Script is same as the above.


The translation of the inscriptions are:

(a) God forgave Saʿīd bin Mukarram.

(b) God forgave ʿAbd al-Salām bin al-Muṣʿab.

(c) God is the protector of ʿAbd al-Salām bin al-Muṣʿab.


The declaration that Allāh is the walī of the Muslim, as seen in the inscription (c), is a common Qur'anic notion and is mentioned frequently in many places in the Qur'an (2:257, 3:68, 13:37). An inscription with a similar theme can be seen here.


Nahal ʿAmram (Sayl ʿImran), Israel/Palestine.

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[1] M. Sharon, Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarium Palaestinae, 1997, Volume I, Brill: Leiden, pp. 94-95 and Figs. 41-43.

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