An Arabic Funerary Text In A Church In Nebo (Jordan) Dated To Mid-6th Century CE

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First Composed: 29th January 2008

Last Modified: 31st January 2008

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Assalamu ‘alaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:

Arabic funerary text in a church in Nebo (Jordan).


Mid-6th century CE.


The Arabic inscription is written on a grave inside a church.

Contents & Comments

Arabic (on the left): bi-salām ["rest in peace"]

Greek (on the right): Saola, the name of the person written in Greek.

Concerning the Arabic text in this inscription, Hoyland comments:

The only plausible explanation is that the language of Saola's family was Arabic; yet he was not as the common perception would lead us to expect, a member of some prominent wandering Arab tribe, but someone prominent enough in the local community to in interred in one of the churches.


Nebo, Jordan.

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[1] E. A. Knauf, "Bemerkungen Zur Frühen Geschichte Der Arabischen Orthographie", Orientalia (New Series), 1984, Volume 53, Fasc. 4, pp. 456-458.

[2] R. Hoyland, "Epigraphy And The Linguistic Background Of The Qur'ān" in G. S. Reynolds (Ed.), The Qur'ān In Its Historical Context, 2008, Routledge Studies in the Qur'an, Routledge: London & New York, pp. 55-56.

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