An Islamic Inscription From Sadd al-ʿArḍa From First Century Of Hijra

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First Composed: 20th March 2005

Last Modified: 20th March 2005

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:



Figure: (a) Original inscription and (b) its content.


1st century AH.


Simple rectangular kufic.


The translation of the inscription is:

  1. Al-Sharik has made this
  2. dam with the permission with God
  3. May He encourage the respect to the lands.


This inscription appears to suggest that amelioration of the soil is a work which is pleasing to God.

This graffito was found in Sadd al-ʿArḍa, about 10 kms south-east of Ṭa'if, during the Philby-Ryckmans-Lippens expedition.


Sadd al-ʿArḍa, Saudi Arabia.

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[1] A. Grohmann, Expédition Philby-Ryckmans-Lippens En Arabie - Textes Épigraphiques: Arabic Inscriptions, 1962, Volume II, Publication from Universities of Louvain & Leuven, pp. 94-95. Pl. XIV, Z 152.

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