A Bilingual Protocol Text Mentioning The Caliph Al-Walīd - Egyptian National Library Inv. No. 66, 95-96 AH / 714-715 CE

Islamic Awareness

© Islamic Awareness, All Rights Reserved.

First Composed: 18th December 2005

Last Modified: 19th December 2005


Assalamu ‘alaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:

(a)

(b)

Figure: (a) Picture of the papyrus and (b) the content of the papyrus.

[] encloses letters supplied to fill a lacuna

Date

95-96 AH / 714-715 CE.

Size

15.5 cm x 23 cm. Yellow-brown, in several places darker coloured, coarse cardboard-like papyrus. The text of the protocol, written in blackish brown ink, occupies the first sheet of the roll entirely. On the reverse there are two lines of a Coptic text written in black ink across the horizontal fibres.

Accession No.

Inv. No. 66.

Contents

The translation of text is given below. The Arabic text is in italics:

  1. [In the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful]
  2. [In the na]me of God, the
  3. [Compas]sionate and Merciful
  4. [There is no] god but God alone, Mu[hammad is the Messenger of God].
  5. [There] is no god but God alone,
  6. [Maa]met is the Apostle of God.
  7. The servant of God Al-Walīd, Com[mander of the Faithful]
  8. [The servant of God] Alulid
  9. [Commander of the Faith]ful

Comments

The cartouche of the perpendicular writing on the right hand side contains d and below this is the figure ig meaning the thirteenth indiction, 714/15 CE [lines 8 and 9 of Fig. (b)].

Location

Egyptian National Library, Cairo.


References

[1] B. Moritz (Ed.), Arabic Palaeography: A Collection Of Arabic Texts From The First Century Of The Hidjra Till The Year 1000, 1905, Publications of the Khedivial Library, No. 16, Cairo, Plate 100:3.

[2] C. H. Becker, "Das Latenische In Den Arabischen Papyrusprotokollen", Zeitschrift Für Assyriologie Und Verwandte Gebiete, 1909, Volume 22, p. 178.

[3] A. Grohmann, Arabic Papyri In The Egyptian Library, Volume I, 1934, Egyptian Library Press: Cairo, No. 11, pp. 20-21.

The images above are reproduced from the stated sources under the provisions of the copyright law. This allows for the reproduction of portions of copyrighted material for non-commercial, educational purposes.

With the exception for those images which have passed into the public domain, the use of these images for commercial purposes is expressly prohibited without the consent of the copyright holder.

Back To The Arabic Papyri