M. 1572 A Qur'ānic Manuscript From 1st Century Of Hijra

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First Composed: 10th July 2009

Last Updated: 23rd December 2009

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:

Folio 1r

Folio 3r

Folio 5r

Folio 6r

Folios from M. 1572.


1st century of hijra. This manuscript has been dated to 2nd-3rd century hijra and consistently and wrongly referred to as kufic.[1,2] Recent studies on the ḥijāzī manuscripts from Ṣanʿāʾ have resulted in redating of this manuscript to the last part of 1st century hijra.

Inventory No.

M. 1572

Size & Folios

The codex has 9 folios.

History Of The Manuscript[3]

This manuscript belongs to what is commonly known as the ‘Mingana Collection’. The core Mingana Collection, of manuscripts and manuscript fragments, was built up between 1924-29 through the common interest and energy of Dr. Edward Cadbury and Alphonse Mingana. Edward Cadbury, owner of family's chocolate factory at Bournville, sponsored Alphonse Mingana in three journeys to the Middle East, and subsequently engaged Mingana to catalogue much of the collection. This must represent one of the last such European Orientalist enterprises undertaken to scour the Middle East for manuscripts.

When Mingana worked in Manchester, from 1915-32, cataloguing the Arabic manuscripts of the John Rylands Library, Edward Cadbury sponsored him to undertake three journeys to the Middle East to collect manuscripts. In the spring of 1924 in Lebanon, Syria and Iraq, Mingana acquired twenty-two Arabic and some Syriac manuscripts for the John Rylands Library and other Syriac manuscripts for Cadbury. A visit in the autumn of 1925 to Syria, Iraq and South Kurdistan yielded mostly Syriac manuscripts with some Arabic. Another in 1929 to Sinai Peninsula (St. Catherine's monastery) and Upper Egypt produced mostly Arabic manuscripts, with some Coptic and Greek.

It is not clear where the present manuscript, i.e., M. 1572, was acquired. It could have come from Iraq, Syria or Egypt.

Script & Ornamentation


Manuscript on parchment. The pages have been wrongly folded, so that the text is disordered. The consonants are differentiated by dashes. The muṣḥaf is partly vocalised with red dots by a later(?) hand. Red punctuation dots and zigzag lines with ink dots separating sūrahs (fol. 1r) and barbed red design (fol. 3r). Six or three oval dots usually punctuate the verses. Every tenth verse is marked by a hollow circle surrounded by dots.


Below are the published information of folios in this codex.

M. 1572
Folio Number Qur'anic Surah Size of the Folio (cm.) Image Publication
1r 19:91 – 20:13 VMR, University of Birmingham
1v 20:13 – 20:40 VMR, University of Birmingham
2r 4:153 – 4:163 VMR, University of Birmingham
2v 4:163 – 4:176 VMR, University of Birmingham
3r 5:1 – 5:5 VMR, University of Birmingham
3v 5:5 – 5:12 VMR, University of Birmingham
4r 5:12 – 5:17 VMR, University of Birmingham
4v 5:18 – 5:27 VMR, University of Birmingham
5r 6:74 – 6:90 VMR, University of Birmingham
5v 6:90 – 6:97 VMR, University of Birmingham
6r 6:97 – 6:110 VMR, University of Birmingham
6v 6:110 – 6:122 VMR, University of Birmingham
7r 18:17 – 18:23 VMR, University of Birmingham
7v 18:23 – 18:31 VMR, University of Birmingham
8r 6:122 – 6:132 VMR, University of Birmingham
8v 6:133 – 6:143 VMR, University of Birmingham
9v 4:129 – 4:140 VMR, University of Birmingham
9r 4:141 – 4:152 VMR, University of Birmingham


University of Birmingham, Birmingham (United Kingdom).

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[1] H. L. Gottschalk (Ed.), Catalogue Of The Mingana Collection Of Manuscripts: Now In The Possession Of The Trustees Of The Woodbrooke Settlement, Selly Oak, Birmingham And Preserved At The Selly Oak Colleges Library, 1948, Volume IV - Islamic Arabic Manuscripts, The Selly Oaks Colleges Library: Birmingham, p. 2.

[2] L-A. Hunt, The Mingana And Related Collections: A Survey Of Illustrated Arabic, Greek, Eastern Christian, Persian And Turkish Manuscripts In The Selly Oak Colleges, Birmingham, The Mingana Collection, The Edward Cadbury Charitable Trust: Birmingham (UK), p. 11.

[3] ibid., pp. 4-5.

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