Kodex Wetzstein II 1913 - A Qur'ān Located At Staatsbibliothek, Berlin, From 1st / 2nd Century Hijra

Islamic Awareness

© Islamic Awareness, All Rights Reserved.

First Composed: 1st June 2013

Last Updated: 30th June 2013

submit to reddit

Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Kodex Wetzstein II 1913 - A Qur'anic manuscript at Staatsbibliothek, Berlin (Germany). (a) Folio 24v, Sūrah āl-ʿImrān, verses 175-183. (b) Folio 25v, Sūrah āl-ʿImrān, verses 193-200 to Sūrah al-Nisā, verse 1. (c) Folio 54v, Sūrah al-Anfāl, verses 160-165 to Sūrah al-Aʿrāf, verses 1-9. (d) Folio 133v, Sūrah al-Nūr, 9-19.

Date

Second half of 1st century / early 2nd century of hijra.

Accession Number

Wetzstein II 1913.[1]

Size & Folios

Size: 34 cm x 27 cm. Written area is 28 cm x 22 cm.

Total number of folios: 210. Originally, it may have contained 245-250 folios. The extant folios contain about 85% of the text of the Qur'an, thus making it one the earliest and almost complete ḥijāzī Qur'ans.[2]

History Of The Manuscript

Not known.

Script & Ornamentation

Ḥijāzī.

Manuscript on parchment. 23-25 lines per page. The consonants are frequently differentiated by dashes. Six oval dots arranged in three rows in the form of a triangle to punctuate the verses. Every tenth verse is marked by a red hollow circle surrounded by a black dot. Red dots are very frequently used for vocalization. This was most likely done by a later hand.

The ink is brown black and has faded in many folios of the manuscript. The faded parts have been retouched by a dark black ink, especially extensively in the second half of the manuscript.

The sūrahs are separated by a red writing indicating the title of the sūrah. Sometimes it also mentions the mysterious letters of the Qur'an with which the sūrah starts.

Contents

The contents of the manuscript are tabulated below.

Folios Qur'anic Sūrah Contents Image Publication Comments
- al-Fātiḥah - - -
1r - 15v al-Baqarah verses 30-286 - Partly retouched
15v - 25v āl-ʿImrān Complete - Partly retouched
25v - 37v al-Nisā Complete - Partly retouched
37v - 45v al-Mā'idah Complete - Partly retouched
45v - 54v al-Anʿām Complete - Partly retouched
54v - 65r al-Aʿrāf Complete - Partly retouched
65r - 68v al-Anfāl Complete - Partly retouched
68v - 77r Tawbah Complete - Partly retouched
77r - 82v Yūnus Complete - Partly retouched
82v - 88v Hūd Complete - Partly retouched
88v - 94r Yūsuf Complete - Partly retouched
94r - 96v al-Rʿad Complete - Partly retouched
96v - 99r Ibrāhīm Complete - Partly retouched
99r - 101r al-Ḥijr Complete - Partly retouched
101v - 107r al-Nahl Complete - Partly retouched
107r - 111v al-Isrāʾ Complete - Partly retouched
111v - 116v al-Kahf Complete - Partly retouched
116v - 119v Maryam Complete - Partly retouched
119v - 123r Ṭāhā Complete - Partly retouched
123r - 126v al-Anbiyā Complete - Partly retouched
127r - 129v al-Ḥajj verses 18-78 - Partly retouched
129v - 133r al-Muʾminūn Complete - Partly retouched
133r - 136r al-Nūr verses 1-33; 51-64 - Partly retouched
136r - 138v al-Furqān Complete - Partly retouched
138v - 142v al-Shuʿarā Complete - Partly retouched
142v - 145v al-Naml verses 1-84 - Partly retouched
- al-Qaṣaṣ - - -
- al-ʿAnkabūt - - -
- al-Rūm - - -
- Luqmān - - -
- al-Sajdah - - -
- al-Aḥzāb - - -
146r Sabʾ verses 47-54 - Partly retouched
146r - 148v Fāṭir Complete - Partly retouched
148v - 150v Yāsīn Complete - Partly retouched
150v - 153v al-Ṣāffāt Complete - Partly retouched
153v - 155v Ṣād Complete - Partly retouched
155v - 159r al-Zumar Complete - Partly retouched
159v - 163r Ghāfir Complete - Partly retouched
163r - 165v Fussilat Complete - Partly retouched
165v - 168v al-Shūra Complete - Partly retouched
168v - 171r al-Zukhruf Complete - Partly retouched
171r - 172r al-Dukhān Complete - Partly retouched
172v - 174r al-Jāthiya Complete - Partly retouched
174r - 176r al-Aḥqāf Complete - Partly retouched
176r - 178r Muḥammad Complete - Partly retouched
178r - 179v al-Fataḥ Complete - Partly retouched
179v - 181r al-Ḥujurāt Complete - Partly retouched
181r - 182r Qāf Complete - Partly retouched
182r - 183v al-Dhāriyāt Complete - Partly retouched
183v - 184v al-Ṭūr Complete - Partly retouched
184v - 185v al-Najm Complete - Partly retouched
185v - 187v al-Qamar Complete - Partly retouched
187v - 189r al-Raḥmān Complete - Partly retouched
189r - 190r al-Wāqiʿah Complete - Partly retouched
190r - 192r al-Ḥadid Complete - Partly retouched
192r - 193v al-Mujādilah Complete - Partly retouched
193v - 195r al-Ḥashr Complete - Partly retouched
195r - 196v al-Mumtaḥinah Complete - Partly retouched
196v - 197r al-Ṣaff Complete - Retouched
197r - 197v al-Jumuʿah Complete - Retouched
197v - 198v al-Munāfiqūn Complete - Retouched
198v - 199r al-Taghābūn Complete - Partly retouched
199r - 200r al-Talāq Complete - Retouched
200r - 201r al-Tahrīm Complete - Retouched
201r - 202r al-Mulk Complete - Retouched
202r - 203r al-Qalam Complete - Partly retouched
203r - 203v al-Ḥaqqah Complete - Partly retouched
204r - 204v al-Maʿārij Complete - Retouched
204v - 205r Nūḥ Complete - Partly retouched
205r - 206r al-Jinn Complete - Retouched
206r - 206v al-Muzzammil Complete - Retouched
206v al-Muddathir verse 1 - Retouched
- al-Qiyāmah - - -
- al-Insān - - -
- al-Mursalāt - - -
207r al-Nabāʾ verses 35-40 - Retouched
207r - 207v al-Nāziʿāt Complete - Retouched
207v - 208r al-ʿAbasa Complete - Retouched
208r al-Takwīr Complete - Retouched
208r - 208v al-Intifār Complete - Retouched
208v - 209r al-Mutaffifīn Complete - Retouched
209r al-Inshiqāq Complete - Retouched
209r - 209v al-Burūj Complete - Retouched
209v al-Tāriq Complete - Retouched
209v - 210r al-ʿAlā Complete - Retouched
210r al-Ghāshīyah Complete - Retouched
210r - 210v al-Fajr Complete - Retouched
210v al-Balad verses 1-18 - Retouched
- al-Shams - - -
- al-Layl - - -
- al-Ḍuḥa - - -
- al-Sharḥ - - -
- al-Ṭīn - - -
- al-ʿAlaq - - -
- al-Qadr - - -
- al-Bayyinah - - -
- al-Zalzalah - - -
- al-ʿAdiyāt - - -
- al-Qāriʿah - - -
- al-Takāthur - - -
- al-ʿAsr - - -
- al-Humazah - - -
- al-Fīl - - -
- al-Quraysh - - -
- al-Māʿun - - -
- al-Kawthar - - -
- al-Kafirūn - - -
- al-Naṣr - - -
- al-Masad - - -
- al-Ikhlās - - -
- al-Falaq - - -
- al-Nās - - -

Location

Staatsbibliothek, Berlin (Germany).

Bookmark and Share


References

[1] W. Ahlwardt, Die Handschriften – Verzeichnisse Der Königlichen Bibliothek Zu Berlin, 1887, Volume VII – Verzeichniss Der Arabischen Handschriften, A. W. Schade's Buchdruckerei: Berlin, p. 105 (No. 305, We. 1913).

[2] M. Marx, "The Qur'an - The First Arabic Book", U. Franke, J. Gierlichs (Eds.) in collaboration with S. Vassilopoulou, L. Wagner, Roads Of Arabia - The Archaeological Treasures Of Saudi Arabia, 2011, Ernst Wasmuth Verlag: Tübingen / Berlin (Germany), pp. 194, 199.

The images above are reproduced from the stated sources under the provisions of the copyright law. This allows for the reproduction of portions of copyrighted material for non-commercial, educational purposes.

With the exception for those images which have passed into the public domain, the use of these images for commercial purposes is expressly prohibited without the consent of the copyright holder.

Back To The Qur'anic Manuscripts