Papyrus 45, P45

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First Composed: 14 April 2000

Last Updated: 31 October 2004


Papyrus 45 (Pap. G. 31974), P45


2nd / 3rd Century CE. The Alands date it to 3rd century CE.


Perhaps in the Fayum or ancient Aphroditopolis (modern Aftih).


About 25.4 cm. x 20.3 cm. There is one column and about 39 lines per page. Click here for the image (Vienna fragment).

The total number of leaves are 30.


It contains parts of the Four Gospels and Acts.

Textual Character

The character of the text of P45 varies with each book. Such a small portion of Matthew is preserved that it is impossible to determine the character of the text. In Mark, the text is Caesarean, whereas in Luke and John it seems to stand nearly midway between the Alexandrian ("Neutral") and Western types. In Acts, the text is of the type represented by the so-called Alexandrian uncials ( A B C).


The words are written continuously without separation. Accents are absent and rough breathing is occasionally used.


Chester Beatty Collection, Dublin, Ireland.


[1] Sir Frederic G. Kenyon, The Chester Beatty Biblical Papyri, Fasciculus II, The Gospels and Acts, 1934, Emery Walker Limited, London.

[2] William Henry Paine Hatch, The Principal Uncial Manuscripts Of The New Testament, 1939, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Plate IV.

The New Testament Manuscripts