Tombstone Of ʿAbāssa Bint Juraij, 71 AH / 691 CE

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First Composed: 11th September 2000

Last Modified: 12th February 2013

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:


14th Dhul-Qaʿdah, 71 AH / 19th April, 691 CE.

Size & Script

30 cm. x 58 cm.


The translation of the inscription is:

    1. In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate.
    2. The greatest calamity of the people of
    3. Islām (ahl al-Islām) is that which has fallen them on the death of Muḥammad the Prophet;
    4. may God grant him peace.
    5. This is the tomb of ʿAbāssa daughter of
    6. Juraij (?), son of (?). May clemency
    7. forgiveness and satisfaction of God be on her.
    8. She died on Monday four-
    9. teen days having elapsed from Dhul-Qaʿdah
    10. of the year one and seventy,
    11. confessing that there is no god but God
    12. alone without partner and that
    13. Muḥammad is His servant and His apostle,
    14. may God grant him peace.


Cairo Museum of Arab Art, Cairo.

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[1] H. M. El-Hawary, "The Second Oldest Islamic Monument Known Dated AH 71 (AD 691) From The Time Of The Omayyad Calif ‘Abd el-Malik Ibn Marwan", Journal Of The Royal Asiatic Society, 1932, p. 289.

[2] A. Grohmann, Arabische Paläographie II: Das Schriftwesen. Die Lapidarschrift, 1971, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften Philosophisch - Historische Klasse: Denkschriften 94/2. Hermann Böhlaus Nachf.: Wein, p. 72, Plate 10:2.

[3] J. L. Bacharach, S. Anwar, "Early Versions Of The Shahāda: A Tombstone From Aswan Of 71 A.H., The Dome Of The Rock, And Contemporary Coinage", Islam, 2012, Volume 89, pp. 60-69.

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