Arabic Inscription On The Darb Zubayda Caravan Route, 40 AH / 660-661 CE

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First Composed: 22nd November 2005

Last Modified: 22nd November 2005

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:




Figure: (a) Inscription, (b) copy of the original and (c) its content.


40 AH / 660-661 CE.




The translation of the inscription is:

  1. Allah's mercy and
  2. blessing be upon ʿAbd
  3. al-Raḥman bin Khalid
  4. bin al-ʿAṣ, and written
  5. in the year 40.


This inscription was found on the Darb Zubayda caravan route at Wādī 'l-Shamiya during an archaeological survey in 1970s.


Wādī 'l-Shamiya, Darb Zubayda, Saudi Arabia.

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[1] A. H. Sharafaddin, "Some Islamic Inscriptions Discovered On The Darb Zubayda", Atlal (The Journal Of Saudi Arabian Archaeology), 1977, Volume 1, pp. 69-70, Plate 49.

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