An Inscription From Kos About Profession Of Faith, 98 AH / 716 CE

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First Composed: 18th April 2014

Last Modified: 18th April 2014

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:




Figure (a) original inscription, (b) its transcription and (c) its contents.


Muḥarram, 98 AH / September, 716 CE.


Not known.


Kufic script.


The translation of the inscription is:

  1. Al-Ḥakam b. al-Ḥakam, trusted in God!
  2. In Muḥarram of the year eight
  3. and ninety. And written by
  4. Makhlūf.


This profession of faith, based on the Arabic root w-th-q is very common in the Middle East. It is interesting to note that this is dated. In addition, the signature at the end of text appears to have been added; its etching is much thicker than the preceding lines.


Kos, near Psalidi (Greece).

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[1] F. Imbert, "Graffiti Arabes De Cnide Et De Kos: Premières Traces Épigraphiques De La Conquête Musulmane En Mer Égée", Travaux Et Mémoires, 2013, Volume 17, pp. 749-750.

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