Ghayl Al-Mandaj (Al-Mabrah) Islamic Inscription, 98 AH / 717 CE

Islamic Awareness

© Islamic Awareness, All Rights Reserved.

First Composed: 25th March 2014

Last Modified: 12th April 2014

submit to reddit

Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:




Figure (a) original inscription, (b) its transcription and (c) its contents.


98 AH / 717 CE.


55 cm x 45 cm.


Kufic script.


The translation of the inscription is:

  1. May God have mercy
  2. on Thābit ibn
  3. Abī Ṭamīm Ṣānʿa
  4. al-Jarār his family
  5. and others. Ameen, Lord of
  6. the Worlds. And written by
  7. Thābit on Saturday
  8. in the last 10 days left(?) from
  9. in Jumādā (II)
  10. in the year eight and ninety.


This is an early Islamic rock-inscription found in the vicinity of Ghayl al-Mandaj (al-Mabrah) pilgrim station which is located on the Yemeni highland pilgrim route (so called al-Najdi) which connects Ṣanʿāʾ and Makkah. It is the first dated rock-inscription to be discovered so far alongside that road.


Ghayl al-Mandaj (Saudi Arabia).

Bookmark and Share


[1] M. ʿA. Al-Thenayian, "Ghayl Al-Mandaj [Al-Mabrah] Islamic Inscription, Dated 98 AH (716-717 AD)", Adumatu, 2004, Volume 9, pp. 59-83.

The images above are reproduced from the stated sources under the provisions of the copyright law. This allows for the reproduction of portions of copyrighted material for non-commercial, educational purposes.

With the exception for those images which have passed into the public domain, the use of these images for commercial purposes is expressly prohibited without the consent of the copyright holder.

Back To The Arabic & Islamic Inscriptions