An Inscription Containing The Shahadah, 96 AH / 715 CE

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First Composed: 25th April 2020

Last Modified: 26th April 2020

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:



Figure (a) photograph of original inscription, and (b) its transcription.


Shawwāl, 96 AH / June, 715 CE.[1]

Accession Number





The translation of the inscription is given below:

  1. Farqad bin Nāfiʿ testifies that there is no deity but God and He is One
  2. with no partner and Muḥammad is His slave and messenger.
  3. And he wrote it in (the month of) Shawwāl in the year six and ninety.


Dated inscriptions containing the full shahadah or the Islamic testament of faith are uncommon. Apart from the tombstone of ʿAbāssa bint Juraij (71 AH), inscriptions from the Dome of the Rock (72 AH), and reconstruction of al-Masjid al-Ḥarām (78 AH), this inscription is a fine example from the first 100 years of Islam showing the shahadah.


Saudi Arabia.

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[1] Via the Twitter feed of @mohammed93athar.

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