Arabic Graffito By A Descendent of ʿUrwa B. Al-Zubayr, 96 AH / 714-715 CE

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First Composed: 25th April 2020

Last Modified: 26th April 2020

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:



Figure (a) photograph of original inscription, and (b) its transcription.


96 AH / 714-715 CE.[1]

Accession Number





The translation of the inscription is given below:

  1. ʿUmar bin ʿAbdullāh
  2. bin ʿUrwa bin al-Zubayr
  3. believed in God, and testified that surely the is no deity
  4. except God and rejected the false deities, be they alive
  5. or dead. And ʿUmar wrote in the year six
  6. and ninety.


ʿUrwa b. al-Zubayr, a famous jurist from Madinah, was the brother of ʿAbd Allah b. al-Zubayr and cousin of Muṣʿab b. al-Zubayr, the latter two struck Arab-Sassanian coins in their names. The inscription above is written by ʿUmar bin ʿAbdullāh, one of the descendents of ʿUrwa, affirming his faith in monotheism and rejecting all the false deities.

There exists another inscription written in 80 AH by certain individual named Ḥabīb who called himself a client of ʿUrwa b. al-Zubayr.


Saudi Arabia.

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[1] Via the Twitter feed of @mohammed93athar.

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