A Rock Inscription From Makkah Dated 84 AH / 703-704 CE

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First Composed: 27th February 2001

Last Modified: 27th February 2001

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:



Figure (a) original inscription and (b) its contents.


84 AH / 703-704 CE.

Size & Script

49 cm x 113 cm. Written in kufic script.


The translation of the inscription is:

  1. "Oh mankind, fear your Lord who created you and
  2. those who came before you if you wish to be successful." This was written by ʿAbd
  3. Allāh bin ʿAmmārah in the year 84.


The inscription contains eclectic blend of words and phrases taken from different verses of the Qur'an, viz., 4:1, 2:21 and 2:189. The order is shown below.





Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

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[1] Saʿd b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz al-Rāshid, Kitābāt Islāmiyya Min Makkah al-Mukarramah, 1995, Riyaḍ (Saudi Arabia), pp. 26-29.

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