A Rock Inscription From Makkah Containing Qur'an 38:26, 80 AH / 699-700 CE

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First Composed: 27th February 2001

Last Modified: 16 April 2013

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:



Figure: (a) Original inscription and (b) its content.


80 AH / 699-700 CE.

Size & Script

140 cm x 140 cm. Written in kufic script


The translation of the inscription is:

  1. "Oh David, we have indeed made you
  2. a vicegerent on earth.
  3. So judge between men
  4. in justice, and do not follow your desires
  5. which will mislead you from the path of God. Verily, for those who stray
  6. from the path of God is severe chastisement, for those who have forgotten the Day of
  7. Reckoning." And this was inscribed by ʿUthmān bin
  8. Wahran in the year eighty.


Notice that only part of last line of the inscription is transliterated by the author. The inscription contains complete Qur'an 38:26 as shown below.

ʿUthmān bin Wahran also left two other inscriptions (1, 2) containing Qur'an bearing the same date.


Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Picture taken from here.

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[1] S. A. Fahmī, "Naqshāni Jadīdāni Min Makkah Al-Mukarramah Mu'rikhan Bi-Sanat Thamānīna Hijrīyya", Al-Manhal, 1987 / 1407 AH, Volume 53, No. 454, pp. 350-351.

[2] Saʿd b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz al-Rāshid, Kitābāt Islāmiyya Min Makkah al-Mukarramah, 1995, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia), pp. 160-161.

[3] Nāṣir b. Alī Al-Hārithī, "Nuqūsh Islāmīyyah Mabkarah Fī Wādī Al-ʿAshīlah Bi-Makkah Al-Mukarramah", ʿĀlam Al-Makhṭūṭāt Wa Al-Nawādir, 1997, Volume 2, No. 1, pp. 12-65, esp. p. 34 and p. 48.

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