A Rock Inscription From Makkah Dated 98 AH / 716-717 CE

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First Composed: 27th February 2001

Last Modified: 27th February 2001

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:



Figure: (a) Photo of the inscription and its (b) transcription.


98 AH / 716-717 CE.

Size & Script

44 cm x 130 cm. Written in kufic script


The translation of the inscription is:

  1. "Whomsoever places their trust in God, He will suffice them.
  2. Verily, God will fulfill His purpose. Indeed, He has set everything in measure."
  3. This was inscribed by Umayyah ibn ʿAbd al-Malik
  4. in the year 98, and he asks God for Paradise.


The inscription is quite interesting. It quotes part of 65:3 as it is and the rest of the verse is slightly modified without changing the meaning.


Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Picture taken from here.

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[1] Saʿd b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz al-Rāshid, Kitābāt Islāmiyya Min Makkah al-Mukarramah, 1995, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia), pp. 162-163.

[2] Nāṣir b. Alī Al-Hārithī, "Nuqūsh Islāmīyyah Mabkarah Fī Wādī Al-ʿAshīlah Bi-Makkah Al-Mukarramah", ʿĀlam Al-Makhṭūṭāt Wa Al-Nawādir, 1997, Volume 2, No. 1, pp. 12-65, esp. p. 34 and p. 48.

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