Inscription On The Dam Built By Caliph Muʿāwiya, 58 AH / 678 CE

Islamic Awareness

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First Composed: 6th September 2000

Last Modified: 20th March 2008

Assalamu-ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:



Figure: (a) Image of the inscription and (b) its transcription.


58 AH / 678 CE.


Kufic. The right hand side shows transcription of the inscription.

It is interesting to note that this inscription shows the use of consonantal points for ي, ب, ن, ث, خ, ف, and ت. Compare it with another dam inscription from the time of Muʿāwiya. This establishes beyond doubt that in the sixth decade of the hijra certain letters were already pointed.


The translation of the inscription is:

  1. This dam [belongs] to servant of God Muʿāwiya,
  2. Commander of the believers. ʿAbdullāh b. Ṣakhr built it
  3. with the permission of Allāh, in the year fifty eight. O
  4. Allāh, pardon servant of God Muʿāwiya, c-
  5. ommander of the believers, and strengthen him, and make him victorious, and grant the
  6. Commander of the believers the enjoyment of it. ʿAmr b. Ḥabbab wrote [it].


Near Ṭa'if in the Ḥijaz, Saudi Arabia.

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[1] G. C. Miles, "Early Islamic Inscriptions Near Ṭa'if In The Ḥijaz", 1948, Journal Of Near Eastern Studies, Volume VII, pp. 236-242.

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