An Islamic Inscription From The Byzantine Fortress Of Rujm Ṣfār, First Century Of Hijra

Islamic Awareness

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First Composed: 29th March 2008

Last Modified: 29th March 2008

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:



Figure: (a) Image of the inscription and (b) its transcription.


1st century AH / 7th or early 8th century CE




The translation of the inscription is:

  1. I, Yusuf bin Zubayd
  2. al-Ayli, do not associate
  3. anything with God.


This inscription was found on the Byzantine fortress of Rujm Ṣfār. It expresses the Muslim belief in the unity of God and that He has not partners. This theme is best expressed in the inscriptions found on the Dome of the Rock.


Rujm Ṣfār, Palestine.

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[1] M. Sharon, "Islam On The Temple Mount", Biblical Archaelogical Review, 2006, July / August, p. 46 and p. 42.

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