Arabic Graffito Near Karbala In Iraq, 64 AH / 683-684 CE

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First Composed: 30th September 2000

Last Modified: 30th September 2000

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:

(a) (b) (c)

Figure: (a) Original inscription, (b) its transcription and (b) contents.


Shawwāl, 64 AH / 683-684 CE.

Size & Script

Kufic script.


The translation of the inscription is:

    1. In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate.
    2. God is the greatest Great.
    3. May God be abundantly thanked and May God be praised
    4. morning and evening * O Lord of
    5. Gabriel, Michael and
    6. Isrāfīl, forgive Layth (?) Ibn Yazīd
    7. al-Asʿadi his early
    8. sins and the ones that followed and (forgive) whoever says
    9. Amīn. Amīn, O Lord of the worlds.
    10. I wrote this inscription in
    11. (the month of) Shawwāl in the year four and
    12. sixty.


Not known, presumably in the Iraq Museum.

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[1] ʿIzz al-Dīn al-Ṣanduq, "Ḥajar Ḥafnat al-Abyad", Sumer, 1955, Volume 11, pp. 213-218.

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