Supplication For Al-Walīd bin ʿAbd al-Malik, Before 85 AH / 705 CE

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First Composed: 1st January 2015

Last Modified: 2nd January 2015

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:



Figure (a) the original inscription and (b) its contents.


Before 85 AH / 705 CE.


Not known.


Kufic script.


The translation of the inscription is:

  1. Lord of Al-Walīd bin ʿAbd al-Malik, forgive him
  2. all his sins, old and new, secret and known.


Notice the absence of the title amīr al-muʾminīn, other officiate religious terminology, and any mention of his caliph-related functions. This suggests that this inscription was written before Al-Walīd bin ʿAbd al-Malik became the caliph of the Umayyad empire in the year 85 AH / 705 CE.[1] Al-Walīd was also known for his piety and the evidence of this comes from this inscription as well.


Jibāl Ḥamāmiyyāt, near Dūmat al-Jandal, Saudi Arabia.

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[1] F. Imbert, "Califes, Princes et Poètes Dans Les Graffiti du Début de l’Islam", Romano-Arabica, 2015, Volume 15, p. 69 and p. 77 (Fig. 6).

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