Codex Amrensis 1 – A Qur'ānic Manuscript From 1st Century Hijra

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First Composed: 24th December 2016

Last Updated: 26th June 2018

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Folios from the manuscript (a) Arabe 326a, folio 4r, (b) Arabe 326a, folio 5v, (c) Rennes, Lot 152, and (d) Marcel 9, folio 29b.

Date

1st century of hijra.

Size & Folios

Parchment manuscript with a size of 17.8 cm x 27.0 cm in the landscape format. Writing area: 14.2 cm x 25.0 cm. There are 12-13 lines per page.[1]

Total number of folios are 75 = 6 (Arabe 326a, Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris)[2] + 36 (Rennes Encheres I + Rennes Encheres II, 2011, Lot 152)[3] + 32 (Marcel 9, National Library of Russia, St. Petersburg)[4] + 1 (KFQ34, Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, London).[5] The extant folios contain about 20.5% of the text of the Qur'an.

History Of The Manuscript

This manuscript was kept at the ʿAmr b. al-ʿĀṣ mosque, Fusṭāṭ from where a member of French expedition to Egypt, Jean-Joseph Marcel, acquired a few leaves which became part of the collection of what is now known as National Library of Russia at St. Petersburgh. A few years later another Frenchman, Jean-Louis Asselin de Cherville, a consular agent of France in Cairo from 1806 to 1822, was able to buy a few folios. These were passed to the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, and became part of Arabe 326 collection of Qur'an manuscripts. Thus it can be surmised that the single folio at the Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, London, must have the same provenance – the ʿAmr b. al-ʿĀṣ mosque at Fusṭāt.

Script & Ornamentation

Ḥijāzī.

The text is written in black ink. Diacritics are represented by oblique lines. Vocalization is absent. The verses are separated by short oblique lines, usually 3 or 6. The sūrahs are separated from each other by a gap.

Contents

The contents of the codex, as tabulated below, are gathered from the published literature.[6]

Codex Amrensis 1
Folios Qur'anic Sūrah Image Publication Comments
1r 8:1 - 8:7 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 1r
1v 8:7 - 8:14 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 1v
2r 8:15 - 8:23 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 2r
2v 8:23 - 8:30 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 2v
3r 8:30 - 8:36 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 3r
3v 8:36 - 8:42 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 3v
4r 8:42 - 8:48 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 4r
4v 8:48 - 8:56 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 4v
5r 8:56 - 8:65 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 5r
5v 8:65 - 8:71 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 5v
6r 8:71 - 8:75 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 6r
6v 9:1 - 9:6 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 6v
7r 9:6 - 9:13 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 7r
7v 9:13 - 9:19 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 7v
8r 9:19 - 9:25 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 8r
8v 9:25 - 9:30 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 8v
9r 9:30 - 9:35 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 9r
9v 9:35 - 9:39 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 9v
10r 9:39 - 9:44 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 10r
10v 9:44 - 9:52 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 10v
11r 9:52 - 9:59 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 11r
11v 9:59 - 9:64 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 11v
12r 9:64 - 9:69 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 12r
12v 9:69 - 9:74 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 12v
13r 9:74 - 9:80 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 13r
13v 9:80 - 9:86 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 13v
14r 9:86 - 9:92 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 14r
14v 9:92 - 9:98 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 14v
15r 9:98 - 9:103 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 15r
15v 9:103 - 9:109 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 15v
16r 9:109 - 9:113 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 16r
16v 9:114 - 9:119 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 16v
17r 9:119 - 9:123 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 17r
17v 9:124 - 10:1 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 17v
18r 10:2 - 10:6 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 18r
18v 10:6 - 10:13 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 18v
19r 10:13 - 10:18 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 19r
19v 10:18 - 20:23 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 19v
20r 10:23 - 10:27 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 20r
20v 10:27 - 10:34 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 20v
21r 10:35 - 10:41 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 21r
21v 10:41 - 10:50 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 21v
22r 10:50 - 10:59 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 22r
22v 10:59 - 10:66 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 22v
23r 10:66 - 10:72 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 23r
23v 10:72 - 10:79 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 23v
24r 10:79 - 10:88 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 24r
24v 10:88 - 10:93 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 24v
25r 10:93 - 10:101 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 25r
25v 10:101 - 10:107 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 25v
26r 10:107 - 11:5 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 26r
26v 11:5 - 11:11 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 26v
27r 11:11 - 11:17 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 27r
27v 11:17 - 11:23 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 27v
28r 11:23 - 11:30 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 28r
28v 11:30 - 11:37 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 28v
29r 11:38 - 11:44 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 29r
29v 11:44 - 11:50 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 29v
30r 11:50 - 11:57 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 30r
30v 11:57 - 11:62 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 30v
31r 11:62 - 11:70 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 31r
31v 11:70 -11:78 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 31v
32r 11:78 - 11:84 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 32r
32v 11:84 - 11:89 Cellard, 2018 Marcel 9, folio 32v
33r 12:96 - 12:104 Cellard, 2018 Arabe 326a, folio 1r
33v 12:104 - 12:111 Cellard, 2018 Arabe 326a, folio 1v
34r 14:16 - 14:22 Cellard, 2018 Arabe 326a, folio 2r
34v 14:22 - 14:30 Cellard, 2018 Arabe 326a, folio 2v
35r 14:30 - 14:38 Cellard, 2018 Arabe 326a, folio 3r
35v 14:38 - 14:67 Cellard, 2018 Arabe 326a, folio 3v
36r 14:67 - 14:52; 15:1 - 15:10 Cellard, 2018 Arabe 326a, folio 4r
36v 15:10 - 15:25 Cellard, 2018 Arabe 326a, folio 4v
37r 15:25 - 15:45 Cellard, 2018 Arabe 326a, folio 5r
37v 15:45 - 15:65 Cellard, 2018 Arabe 326a, folio 5v
38r 15:65 - 15:82 Cellard, 2018 Arabe 326a, folio 6r
38v 15:82 - 15:99 Cellard, 2018 Arabe 326a, folio 6v
39r 40:66 - 40:77 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 1r
39v 40:77 - 40:84 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 1v
40r 40:84 - 40:85; 41:1 - 41:9 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 2r
40v 41:9 - 41:16 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 2v
41r 41:16 - 41:24 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 3r
41v 41:24 - 41:31 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 3v
42r 41:31 - 41:39 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 4r
42v 41:39 - 41:46 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 4v
43r 41:46 - 41:53 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 5r
43v 41:53 - 41:54; 42:1 - 42:8 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 5v
44r 42:8 - 42:14 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 6r
44v 42:14 - 42:18 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 6v
45r 42:19 - 42:24 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 7r
45v 42:24 - 42:31 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 7v
46r 42:31 - 42:40 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 8r
46v 42:40 - 42:47 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 8v
47r 42:47 - 42:52 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 9r
47v 42:52 - 42:53; 43:1 - 43:11 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 9v
48r 43:11 - 43:20 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 10r
48v 43:20 - 43:31 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 10v
49r 43:73 - 43:85 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 11r
49v 43:85 - 43:89; 44:1 - 44:12 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 11v
50r 44:13 - 44:30 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 12r
50v 44:31 - 44:49 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 12v
51r 44:50 - 44:59; 45:1 - 45:5 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 13r
51v 45:5 - 45:14 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 13v
52r 45:14 - 45:22 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 14r
52v 45:22 - 45:30 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 14v
53r 45:30 - 45:37; 46:1 - 46:2 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 15r
53v 46:2 - 46:9 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 15v
54r 46:9 - 46:15 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 16r
54v 46:15 - 46:20 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 16v
55r 46:20- 46:26 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 17r
55v 46:26 - 46:31 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 17v
56r 46:31 - 46:35; 47:1 - 47:3 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 18r
56v 47:3 - 47:11 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 18v
57r 47:11 - 47:16 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 19r
57v 47:16 - 47:25 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 19v
58r 47:25 - 47:33 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 20r
58v 47:33 - 47:38; 48:1 - 48:2 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 20v
59r 48:2 - 48:9 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 21r
59v 48:9 - 48:15 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 21v
60r 48:15 - 48:19 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 22r
60v 48:19 - 48:25 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 22v
61r 48:25 - 48:29 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 23r
61v 48:29; 49:1 - 49:3 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 23v
62r 49:3 - 49:10 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 24r
62v 49:10 - 49:14 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 24v
63r 49:14 - 49:18; 50:1 - 50:4 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 25r
63v 50:4 - 50:15 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 25v
64r 50:16 - 50:28 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 26r
64v 50:28 - 50:41 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 26v
65r 50:41 - 50:45; 51:1 - 51:15 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 27r
65v 51:15 - 51:31 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 27v
66r 51:31 - 51:48 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 28r
66v 51:48 - 51:60; 52:1 - 52:2 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 28v
67r 52:2 - 52:22 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 29r
67v 52:22 - 52:38 Cellard, 2018 Rennes I, folio 29v
68r 57:13 - 57:19 Cellard, 2018 KFQ34, folio 1r
68v 57:19 - 57:23 Déroche, 1992; Cellard, 2018 KFQ34, folio 1v
69r 58:3- 58:8 Cellard, 2018 Rennes II, folio 1r
69v 58:8 - 58:12 Cellard, 2018 Rennes II, folio 1v
70r 58:12 - 58:18 Cellard, 2018 Rennes II, folio 2v
70v 58:19 - 58:22; 59:1 - 59:2 Cellard, 2018 Rennes II, folio 2r
71r 59:2 - 59:7 Cellard, 2018 Rennes II, folio 3r
71v 59:7 - 59:10 Cellard, 2018 Rennes II, folio 3v
72r 59:10 - 59:16 Cellard, 2018 Rennes II, folio 4r
72v 59:16 - 59:22 Cellard, 2018 Rennes II, folio 4v
73r 59:22 - 59:23; 60:1 - 60:4 Cellard, 2018 Rennes II, folio 5r
73v 60:4 - 60:8 Cellard, 2018 Rennes II, folio 5v
74r 60:8 - 60:12 Cellard, 2018 Rennes II, folio 6r
74v 60:12 - 60:13; 61:1 - 61:5 Cellard, 2018 Rennes II, folio 6v
75r 61:5 - 61:12 Cellard, 2018 Rennes II, folio 7r
75v 61:12 - 61:14; 62:1 - 62:3 Cellard, 2018 Rennes II, folio 7v

Location

Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris (France), National Library of Russia, St. Petersburg; Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, London and private collection.

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References

[1] F. Déroche, Catalogue Des Manuscrits Arabes: Deuxième Partie: Manuscrits Musulmans - Tome I, 1: Les Manuscrits Du Coran: Aux Origines De La Calligraphie Coranique, 1983, Bibliothèque Nationale: Paris, p. 59.

[2] ibid.

[3] Rennes Encheres, Lundi 19 Septembe 2011 - 14H, Rennes Encheres: Rennes (France), pp. 16-17 (Lot 152).

[4] F. Déroche, Qurʾans Of The Umayyads: A First Overview, 2014, Koninklijke Brill nv: Leiden (The Netherlands), p. 60, footnote 80.

[5] F. Déroche, The Abbasid Tradition: Qur'ans Of The 8th To The 10th Centuries AD, 1992, The Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, Volume I, Oxford University Press, pp. 31-32.

[6] É. Cellard, Codex Amrensis 1, 2018, Documenta Coranica: Volume I, Brill: Leiden & Boston.

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