The “Umayyad Codex of Fusṭāṭ” (Codex Marcel 13) 1st Century Of Hijra

Islamic Awareness

© Islamic Awareness, All Rights Reserved.

First Composed: 6th September 2018

Last Updated: 4th December 2018

submit to reddit

Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Folios from codex Marcel 13 (the "Umayyad Codex of Fusṭāṭ"): (a) Arabe 330c, f. 15r, (b) Arabe 330c, f. 18r, (c) Arabe 330c, f. 18v, (d) Marcel 13, f. 3r, and (e) Marcel 13, f. 15r.

Date

1st century of hijra.[1] Déroche is of the opinion that this copy may have been one of those that were sent by al-Hajjaj to many cities including Fusṭāṭ that contained reformed orthography.

Size & Folios

37.0 cm x 31.0 cm.

Total number of folios are 73[2] = 9 (Arabe 330c, Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris)[3] + 12 (Marcel 11, National Library of Russia, St. Petersburg) + 42 (Marcel 13, National Library of Russia, St. Petersburg)[4] +10 (Marcel 15, National Library of Russia, St. Petersburg).[5]

History Of The Manuscript

This manuscript was kept at the ʿAmr b. al-ʿĀṣ mosque, Fusṭāṭ from where a member of French expedition to Egypt, Jean-Joseph Marcel, acquired a few leaves which became part of the collection of what is now known as National Library of Russia at St. Petersburgh. A few years later another Frenchman, Jean-Louis Asselin de Cherville, a consular agent of France in Cairo from 1806 to 1822, was able to buy a few folios. These were passed to the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, and became part of Arabe 330 collection of Qur'an manuscripts.

Script & Ornamentation

Kufic or perhaps late ḥijāzī.

The script bears some similarities with the ḥijāzī. Compare this manuscript with the “Umayyad Codex of Damascus”, TIEM ŞE 321, from Istanbul.

This copy was written with 25 lines to the page on folios in vertical format. The average height of the line is about 11.5 mm. Homogenous quires with five bifolios.

The sūrah headings of this codex are illuminated but irregularly.

Contents

Below are the published folios of this codex.

Codex Marcel 13 ("Umayyad Codex Of Fusṭāṭ")
Folios Qur'anic Sūrah Image Publication Comments
1r 15:14 - 15:35 Arabe 330c, folio 11r
1v 15:35 - 15:61 Arabe 330c, folio 11v
2r 15:61 - 15:85 Arabe 330c, folio 12r
2v 15:86 - 15:99; 16:1 - 16:06 Arabe 330c, folio 12v
3r 16:06 - 16:22 Arabe 330c, folio 13r
3v 16:22 - 16:33 Arabe 330c, folio 13v
4r 16:33 - 16:43 Arabe 330c, folio 14r
4v 16:43 - 16:56 Arabe 330c, folio 14v
5r 16:56 - 16:67 Arabe 330c, folio 15r
5v 16:67 - 16:76 Arabe 330c, folio 15v
6r 16:76 - 16:85 Arabe 330c, folio 16r
6v 16:85 - 16:94 Arabe 330c, folio 16v
7r 16:94 - 16:106 Arabe 330c, folio 17r
7v 16:106 - 16:117 Arabe 330c, folio 17v
8r 16:117 - 16:128; 17:1 Arabe 330c, folio 18r
8v 17:1 - 17:12 Arabe 330c, folio 18v
9r 17:36 - 17:48 Arabe 330c, folio 19r
9v 17:49 - 17:59 Arabe 330c, folio 19v
10r 17:60 - 17:70 Marcel 13, folio 1r
10v 17:70 - 17:82 Marcel 13, folio 1v
11r 17:82 - 17:94 Marcel 13, folio 2r
11v 17:94 - 17:105 Marcel 13, folio 2v
12r 17:105 - 17:111; 18:1 - 18:7 Déroche, 2004; Déroche, 2014; Déroche, 2018 Marcel 13, folio 3r
12v 18:7 - 18:18 Marcel 13, folio 3v
13r 18:18 - 18:26 Marcel 13, folio 4r
13v 18:26 - 18:34 Marcel 13, folio 4v
14r 18:34 - 18:47 Marcel 13, folio 5r
14v 18:47 - 18:56 Marcel 13, folio 5v
15r 18:56 - 18:68 Marcel 13, folio 6r
15v 18:68 - 18:81 Marcel 13, folio 6v
16r 18:81 - 18:95 Marcel 13, folio 7r
16v 18:95 - 18:109 Marcel 13, folio 7v
17r 18:109 - 18:110; 19:1 - 19:13 Déroche, 2014 Marcel 13, folio 8r
17v 19:13 - 19:29 Marcel 13, folio 8v
18r 19:29 - 19:45 Marcel 13, folio 9r
18v 19:46 - 19:60 Marcel 13, folio 9v
19r 19:60 - 19:75 Marcel 13, folio 10r
19v 19:75 - 19:97 Marcel 13, folio 10v
20r 19:97 - 19:98; 20:1 - 20:18 Déroche, 2004 Marcel 13, folio 11r
20v 20:18 - 20:42 Marcel 13, folio 11v
21r 20:42 - 20:61 Marcel 13, folio 12r
21v 20:61 - 20:73 Marcel 13, folio 12v
22r 20:74 - 20:87 Marcel 13, folio 13r
22v 20:87 - 20:101 Marcel 13, folio 13v
23r 20:101 - 20:118 Marcel 13, folio 14r
23v 20:118 - 20:131 Marcel 13, folio 14v
24r 20:131 - 20:135 ; 21:1 - 21:8 Déroche, 2014 Marcel 13, folio 15r
24v 21:9 - 21:25 Marcel 13, folio 15v
25r 21:25 - 21:39 Marcel 13, folio 16r
25v 21:39 - 21:54 Marcel 13, folio 16v
26r 21:54 - 21:73 Marcel 13, folio 17r
26v 21:73 - 21:85 Marcel 13, folio 17v
27r 21:86 - 21:100 Marcel 13, folio 18r
27v 21:100 - 21:112 ; 22:1 - 22:2 Marcel 13, folio 18v
28r 22:2 - 22:11 Marcel 13, folio 19r
28v 22:12 - 22:22 Marcel 13, folio 19v
29r 22:22 - 22:32 Marcel 13, folio 20r
29v 22:32 - 22:41 Marcel 13, folio 20v
30r 22:41 - 22:53 Marcel 13, folio 21r
30v 22:53 - 22:65 Marcel 13, folio 21v
31r 22:65 - 22:75 Marcel 13, folio 22r
31v 22:75 -22:78; 23:1 - 23:12 Déroche, 2004 Marcel 13, folio 22v
32r 24:49 - 24:58 Marcel 13, folio 23r
32v 24:58 - 24:61 Marcel 13, folio 23v
33r 25:16 - … Marcel 15, folio 1r
33v … - … Marcel 15, folio 1v
34r … - … Marcel 15, folio 2r
34v … - … Marcel 15, folio 2v
35r … - … Marcel 15, folio 3r
35v … - … Marcel 15, folio 3v
36r … - … Marcel 15, folio 4r
36v … - … Marcel 15, folio 4v
37r … - … Marcel 15, folio 5r
37v … - … Marcel 15, folio 5v
38r … - … Marcel 15, folio 6r
38v … - … Marcel 15, folio 6v
39r … - … Marcel 15, folio 7r
39v … - … Marcel 15, folio 7v
40r … - … Marcel 15, folio 8r
40v … - … Marcel 15, folio 8v
41r … - … Marcel 15, folio 9r
41v … - … Marcel 15, folio 9v
42r … - … Marcel 15, folio 10r
42v … - 27:89 Marcel 15, folio 10v
43r 30:3 - 30:16 Marcel 11, folio 1r
43v 30:16 - 30:27 Marcel 11, folio 1v
44r 30:27 - 30:38 Marcel 11, folio 2r
44v 30:38 - 30:48 Marcel 11, folio 2v
45r 30:48 - 30:58 Marcel 11, folio 3r
45v 30:58 - 30:60; 31:1 - 31:11 Marcel 11, folio 3v
46r 31:12 - 31:20 Marcel 11, folio 4r
46v 31:20 - 31:30 Marcel 11, folio 4v
47r 31:31 - 31:34; 32:1 - 32:4 Marcel 11, folio 5r
47v 32:4 - 32:16 Marcel 11, folio 5v
48r 32:16 - 32:27 Marcel 11, folio 6r
48v 32:27 - 32:30; 33:1 - 33:6 Marcel 11, folio 6v
49r 33:6 - 33:15 Marcel 11, folio 7r
49v 33:15 - 33:23 Marcel 11, folio 7v
50r 33:23 - 33:32 Marcel 11, folio 8r
50v 33:32 - 33:37 Marcel 11, folio 8v
51r 33:37 - 33:50 Marcel 11, folio 9r
51v 33:50 - 33:53 Marcel 11, folio 9v
52r 33:53 - 33:63 Marcel 11, folio 10r
52v 33:64 - 33:73; 34:1 Marcel 11, folio 10v
53r 34:1 - 34:11 Marcel 11, folio 11r
53v 34:11 - 34:19 Marcel 11, folio 11v
54r 34:19 - 34:31 Marcel 13, folio 24r
54v 34:31 - 34:41 Marcel 13, folio 24v
55r 34:41 - 34:52 Marcel 13, folio 25r
55v 34:52 - 34:54; 35:1 - 35:8 Marcel 13, folio 25v
56r 35:8 - 35:14 Marcel 13, folio 26r
56v 35:14 - 35:29 Marcel 13, folio 26v
57r 35:29 - 35:39 Marcel 13, folio 27r
57v 35:39 - 35:45 Marcel 13, folio 27v
58r 35:45; 36:1 - 36:18 Déroche, 2004 Marcel 13, folio 28r
58v 36:18 - 36:36 Marcel 13, folio 28v
59r 36:36 - 36:53 Marcel 13, folio 29r
59v 36:53 - 36:73 Marcel 13, folio 29v
60r 36:73 - 36:83; 37:1 - 37:8 Marcel 13, folio 30r
60v 37:8 - 37:36 Marcel 13, folio 30v
61r 37:36 - 37:69 Marcel 13, folio 31r
61v 37:69 - 37:102 Marcel 13, folio 31v
62r 37:102 - 37:135 Marcel 13, folio 32r
62v 37:136 - 37:171 Marcel 13, folio 32v
63r 37:171 - 37:182; 38:1 - 38:10 Marcel 13, folio 33r
63v 38:11 - 38:25 Marcel 13, folio 33v
64r 38:25 - 38:40 Marcel 13, folio 34r
64v 38:41 - 38:62 Marcel 13, folio 34v
65r 38:63 - 38:88 Marcel 13, folio 35r
65v 39:1 - 39:8 Marcel 13, folio 35v
66r 39:8 - 39:20 Marcel 13, folio 36r
66v 39:20 - 39:32 Marcel 13, folio 36v
67r 39:32 - 39:43 Marcel 13, folio 37r
67v 39:43 - 39:53 Marcel 13, folio 37v
68r 39:54 - 39:67 Marcel 13, folio 38r
68v 39:68 - 39:75; 40:1 - 40:2 Marcel 13, folio 38v
69r 40:2 - 40:12 Marcel 13, folio 39r
69v 40:12 - 40:22 Marcel 13, folio 39v
70r 40:23 - 40:34 Marcel 13, folio 40r
70v 40:34 - 40:46 Marcel 13, folio 40v
71r 40:46 - 40:58 Marcel 13, folio 41r
71v 40:58 - 40:69 Marcel 13, folio 41v
72r 40:69 - 40:82 Marcel 13, folio 42r
72v 40:82 - 40:85; 41:1 - 41:10 Marcel 13, folio 42v
73r 41:10 - 41:21 Marcel 11, folio 12r
73v 41:21 - 41:32 Marcel 11, folio 12v

Location

National Library of Russia, St. Petersburg; Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.

Bookmark and Share


References

[1] F. Déroche, "A Qurʾanic Script From Umayyad Times: Around The Codex Of Fustat", in A. George & A. Marsham, Power, Patronage And Memory In Early Islam: Perspectives On Umayyad Elites, 2018, Oxford University Press: New York (USA), pp. 69-80 and Fig. 3.1.

[2] ibid., p. 69.

[3] F. Déroche, Catalogue Des Manuscrits Arabes: Deuxième Partie: Manuscrits Musulmans - Tome I, 1: Les Manuscrits Du Coran: Aux Origines De La Calligraphie Coranique, 1983, Bibliothèque Nationale: Paris, pp. 144-145.

[4] F. Déroche, Qurʾans Of The Umayyads: A First Overview, 2014, Koninklijke Brill nv: Leiden (The Netherlands), p. 105. Déroche says that the number of folios in Marcel 13 are 64. What we think is that he has added the folios of Marcel 11, Marcel 13, and Marcel 15 to arrive at this value. The choice of Marcel 13 is because it has thelargest number of folios and hence all other minor sets were subsumed under it.

[5] F. Déroche, "Colonnes, Vases Et Rinceaux Sur Quelques Enluminures D'Époque Omeyyade", Comptes Rendus Des Séances / Académie Des Inscriptions & Belles-Lettres, 2004 (published 2006), pp. 227-264, esp. p. 237.

The images above are reproduced from the stated sources under the provisions of the copyright law. This allows for the reproduction of portions of copyrighted material for non-commercial, educational purposes.

With the exception for those images which have passed into the public domain, the use of these images for commercial purposes is expressly prohibited without the consent of the copyright holder.

Back To The Qur'anic Manuscripts