Codex Ṣanʿāʾ DAM 01-29.2 – A Qur'ānic Manuscript From 2nd Century Of Hijra

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First Composed: 19th May 2009

Last Updated: 21st May 2009

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Assalamu ʿalaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu:

(a) UNESCO Image No.066049B
(b) UNESCO Image No.068051B
(c) UNESCO Image No.154263B
(d) UNESCO Image No.154264B

Folios from codex DAM 01-29.2


2nd century of hijra.[1]

Inventory No.

DAM 01-29.2

Size & Folios

The codex originally had approximate dimensions of 40.0 cm (height) x 40.0 cms (width). The total number of folios in this codex are not known but 10 of them have been published so far.

History Of The Manuscript

This manuscript was found in the Great Mosque in Ṣanʿāʾ, Yemen.

Script & Ornamentation


This beautiful codex is one of the two Qur'ans found in Ṣanʿāʾ which resemble the monumental codex from Syria, the “Great Umayyad Qur'ān” (Codex Ṣanʿāʾ – DAM 20-33.1). Their similarity in size, proportion, number of lines, script and illumination suggest that the “Great Umayyad Qur'an” may have served as a model. The fragments from this codex reflect the Syrian codex in quality rather than features. The letters are spaciously distributed and once connected individual letters tend to blend with their neighbours.

About 20 lines per page. Diacritical marks are sparsely distributed but there are no vowel marks. There are stops after every verse and every tenth verse is also indicated.


Below are the published folios of this codex.[2]

Codex Ṣanʿāʾ DAM 01-29.2
Folio Number Qur'anic Surah Size of the Folio (cm.) Image Publication
9:105 – 9:108 (29.2 x 35.5) von Bothmer et al., 1999
9:129 – 10:4 (39.0 x 36.0) UNESCO Image No. 066049C
10:21 – 10:24 (38.0 x 36.0) UNESCO Image No. 154263B
11:95 – 11:101 38.0 x 41.0 UNESCO Image No. 064047B
12:41 – 12:46 38.0 x 41.0 UNESCO Image No. 065048B
14:48 – 15:5 (39.0 x 34.0) UNESCO Image No. 154262C
16:80 – 16:85 (38.0 x 39.0) UNESCO Image No. 067050C
16:90 – 16:94 40.0 x 43.0 UNESCO Image No. 068051C
17:7 – 17:13 (40.0 x 40.0) UNESCO Image No. 154264B; von Bothmer et al., 1999
17:97 – 17:102 (40.0 x 40.0) UNESCO Image No. 154265B


Dār al-Makhṭūtāt, Ṣanʿāʾ, Yemen.

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[1] See H-C. G. von Bothmer's write-up and images in M. B. Piotrovsky & J. Vrieze (Eds.), Art Of Islam: Heavenly Art And Earthly Beauty, 1999, De Nieuwe Kerk: Amsterdam & Lund Humphries Publishers, pp. 104-105.

[2] Compiled from Memory Of The World: Ṣanʿāʾ Manuscripts, CD-ROM Presentation by UNESCO. Also see K. Small & E. Puin, "UNESCO CD of Ṣanʿāʾ Mss. Part 3: Qur'ān Palimpsests, And Unique Qur'ān Illustrations", Manuscripta Orientalia, 2007, Volume 13, Number 2, pp. 64, 69.

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