An Introduction To The Science Of Hadith

The Classification Of Hadith: According To The Reference To A Particular Authority

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The following principal types of hadith are important:

The authenticity of each of the above three types of hadith depends on other factors such as the reliability of its reporters, the nature of the linkage amongst them, etc. However, the above classification is extremely useful, since through it the sayings of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) can be distinguished at once from those of Companions or Successors; this is especially helpful in debate about matters of Fiqh.

Imam Malik's Al-Muwatta', one of the early collections of hadith, contains a relatively even ratio of these types of hadith, as well as Mursal ahadith (which are discussed later). According to Abu Bakr al-Abhari (d. 375), Al-Muwatta' contains the following:

Among other collections, relatively more Mauquf and Maqtu` ahadith are found in Al-Musannaf of Ibn Abi Shaibah (d. 235), Al-Musannaf of `Abd al-Razzaq (d. 211) and the Tafsirs of Ibn Jarir (d. 310), Ibn Abi Hatim (d. 327) and Ibn al-Mundhir (d. 319).7

   Islamic Awareness Hadith `Ulum According To The Reference To A Particular Authority

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